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Group Health Plans That Do Not Cover Inpatient Hospital or Physician Services | Chicago Benefits Broker

Group Health Plans That Do Not Cover Inpatient Hospital or Physician ServicesBeginning in 2015, large employers must offer affordable, minimum value coverage to their full-time employees or potentially pay a penalty. Some companies have been marketing a plan that they state satisfies the minimum value requirement (an actuarial value of 60%), based upon a calculator provided by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), even though the plan does not cover inpatient hospital charges. In Notice 2014-69, HHS and the IRS state that plans that do not provide substantial coverage for physician and inpatient hospital services will not be considered minimum value plans, and that the result obtained through the HHS calculator should not be considered valid since that calculator was built on the assumption that a traditional plan design would be used. The agencies do recognize that some employers have already implemented these plans based on the calculator results, and the Notice states that a limited exception will be available to those employers. To be able to use the exception:

  1. The employer must have had a binding written commitment (such as a signed agreement) in place before November 4, 2014, to adopt this type of a plan, or it must have begun to enroll employees in this type of a plan before that date.
  2. The plan must have a plan year (generally, an effective date) that begins on or before March 1, 2015.
  3. The employer must not state or imply in any employee communications that availability of the plan that does not provide coverage for inpatient hospital stays or physician services will prevent the employee from receiving a premium tax credit, and it must correct any previous communications to that effect (note that this may mean that a Summary of Benefits and Coverage may need to be reissued).

Employees who are offered coverage under one of these “non-hospital/non-physician services plans” will be eligible to receive a premium tax credit, as long as the other criteria to receive a tax credit are met. However, employers that can meet the limited exception will be considered to have offered minimum value coverage for the 2015 plan year and will not owe a penalty for the 2015 plan year even if the employee receives a premium tax credit. Beginning in 2016 non-hospital/non-physician services plans will not be considered minimum value for any employers, so employers that qualify for the limited exception will be subject to penalties on employees who receive a premium tax credit unless they offer more complete coverage.

This notice only applies to plans that claim to offer minimum value coverage even though they do not provide significant coverage for inpatient hospital and physician services. Although some have reported that “skinny” and “MEC” plans are no longer allowed, that is not correct. Plans that limit coverage to preventive care (often referred to as “skinny” or “MEC” plans) are permitted and appear to meet the criteria to be considered “minimum essential coverage.” Employers may continue to offer a non-hospital/non-physician services plan, and that plan likely will meet the requirement to offer minimum essential coverage, but it will not meet a requirement to offer minimum value coverage.

To get the latest information on other plan designs being disallowed—such as employer reimbursement of premiums for individual coverage, incentivizing employees in poor health to enroll in the marketplace, and more—download UBA’s PPACA Advisor, “Agencies Disallow Several Plan Designs; Other Federal Developments”.

Webinar– Employee Handbooks — Do’s and Don’ts

Tuesday, December 9, 2014
2:00 p.m. ET / 11:00 a.m. PT

Webinar– Employee Handbooks — Do’s and Don’ts

Tuesday, December 9, 2014
2:00 p.m. ET / 11:00 a.m. PT

Timing of Wellness Reward Screenings | Illinois Benefits Broker

Question: Are we required to have employees complete wellness reward screenings which impact health care premiums, prior to the new plan year beginning? Answer: While some employers do take this approach, it may be possible for employers to apply premium reductions for those who complete the required screenings mid-year. The challenge relates to compliance with … Continued

Transitional Reinsurance Fee Filing Date Extended to December 5 | Illinois Employee Benefits

The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) extended the deadline for group health plans to provide their 2014 transitional reinsurance fee (TRF) submission. Filing is now due by 11:59 p.m. on December 5, 2014. The January 15, 2015, and Novemb…

An Excluded Employee Is A Potentially Dangerous Employee

There’s a certain camaraderie between most employees. It’s that team spirit that enables departments within companies to do more than they could if everyone performed their duties individually.

Independent Contractor vs Employee

By K. Michael Ward, MPH, SPHR, GPHR, Employee Benefits Advisor
The Wilson Agency
A UBA Partner Firm

457384401As a business professional who is trying to classify a worker, it is important to remain compliant with the IRS regulations that determine whether an individual providing services to your organization should be classified as an independent contractor or an employee.

Furthermore, the “employer mandate” section of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) requires companies with 50 or more employees to either provide adequate and affordable coverage to their workers or pay tax penalties.  United Benefit Advisors (UBA) has developed a guide to help employers determine how many employees they have for several purposes under PPACA. Those who think they are exempt need to make sure they are counting employees correctly so they’re not surprised with penalties.

The guide provides the definitions of full-time employees, how to count part-time employees on a pro-rata basis, how to treat seasonal employees, who the law considers an “employee,” counting hours correctly, determining average hours worked, penalties that result if a “large employer” doesn’t offer coverage, applying the requirement to offer coverage, paying the penalty, and eligibility for the Small Business Health Options Program (SHOP).

Your UBA Partner Firm can help you find the compliance solutions specific to the issues your company is facing.  Visit the UBA website to learn more.

Why does it matter?

Not correctly classifying an individual as an employee can lead to an employer being required to pay taxes, such as unemployment tax, that would have been required of the employer if the individual had been correctly classified. The organization may also be held liable for overtime pay, resulting in a costly expense for the organization. In certain situations, the issue can escalate leading to civil lawsuits against the employer.

How do I know how to classify individuals?

Generally, an individual is an independent contractor if the employer controls only the final result of the work and not when, where and how it will be done. Therefore, employers cannot demand that independent contractors work a “9-5” schedule in their office. If the person is an independent contractor, they are free to perform the work on a beach at 4 a.m., as long as they produce the services for which they were hired.

An individual may also be classified as an employee if the company provides the majority of the equipment used to perform the services. Independent contractors will generally work with their own equipment and are unlikely to be reimbursed for any equipment purchases required to perform the job.

Some others factors to take into consideration are the time period of hire and whether the individual provides services that are integral to the business. If an individual has been hired on an indefinite basis, versus for a specific project or time period, and/or provides key services, then the employee may be classified as an employee.

There are a variety of other nuances that can determine whether an individual is an independent contractor or an employee. Therefore, it is advised that you speak with a professional before taking action that could have an adverse effect on your business. 

Can Employers Assist Employees with Premiums for Individual Plans? | IL Employee Benefits

describe the imageOn November 6, 2014, the collective Departments of Health and Human Services (HHS), Labor (DOL) and the Treasury released three Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) directed at employer payment plans for the purchase of individual insurance. While the departments had previously released several other pieces of guidance about these arrangements, this latest round exclaimed an emphatic no!

The other releases on the topic started well over a year ago. However, there are still agents and administrators that have insisted either Section 125 (Cafeteria Plans) or Section 105 (Reimbursement Arrangements) of the IRS code allowed employers to deduct premiums in a pretax manner or reimburse for individual premiums. Several of the administrators touting these plans even went as far as claiming they were so confident in their interpretation of the regulations, that they would pay any fines incurred because of their advice that these plans were compliant. This latest round of clarification was a resounding comply or pay fines.

Any employer payment that provides cash reimbursement for the purchase of an individual market policy is not compliant with the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), whether the employer treats the money as pretax or post-tax to the employee. It is interesting to note that the latter provision has not been present in other regulatory releases, but is new with this round. While it is not clear at the moment how that would apply, a post-tax amount would put the insured in a precarious position, subject to fines and payback of subsidies on their own, since the additional income could lower the subsidy that they would otherwise qualify for, without the assistance from the employer.

Likewise, if a Section 105 reimbursement plan is set up for the purchase of individual policies, these plans are deemed noncompliant. The basis for this determination is the employer’s involvement of the plan, even though they may not have assisted the individual with their plan selection, they are still taking part by contributing cash for the policy purchase.

Another question delves into compensating employees that have a high claims risk to enroll in a Marketplace plan versus joining the group health plan offered by the employer. This scenario involves other factors that are prohibited, such as discriminating due to a health factor and eligibility rule discrimination. These plans also fail due to the employer-provided payment for purchase of an individual plan.

In all of these scenarios, since they would be deemed a group health plan, they would be subject to the market reforms such as unlimited lifetime maximum benefits, preventive care coverage at no cost share and other aspects of the law. This could also open the door for lawsuits against the employer if the individual policy failed to pay a claim for the insured.

The FAQs reference the fines that would apply in these instances under Section 4980D. In the May 2014 release from the IRS, they spelled out the excise fines as $100 per day, per employee or $36,500 annually. However, these fines are an excise tax in the amount of $100 per day with respect to each individual to whom such failure relates. So, if the employer were to contribute to dependents’ coverage, the fines would also be incurred for each dependent per day, in addition to the employee.

It is always best to get a plan into compliance as quickly as possible. With many of these having been put into place earlier this year, there is still time to correct at least part, but not all, of the issues. Speak with your tax counsel as quickly as possible to get your plans into compliance. Your local United Benefit Advisors office, with their vast compliance resources, can also assist you with these issues.

Survey Says … HR Tech Spending on Rise

Sierra-Cedar Vice President of Research and Analytics Stacey Harris says more than 50% of survey respondents reported that they will increase spending next year.

Reference-Based Pricing and Cost-Sharing Limits | IL Benefits Broker

CTA 2014 Benchmarking SurveyThe Department of Labor (DOL), the IRS, and the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) have jointly issued a FAQ that addresses how “reference-based pricing” works with the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act’s (PPACA) restrictions on out-of-pocket maximums. PPACA limits the out-of-pocket maximum a non-grandfathered plan may impose, and generally requires that co-pays, coinsurance, and deductibles be counted toward this limit. However, premiums, balance billed amounts for non-network providers, and non-covered services do not need to be applied to the out-of-pocket limit. (For 2015, the limits are $6,600 per individual or $13,200 per family.) The new FAQ explains how the out-of-pocket limit applies to plans that use reference-based pricing–i.e., a design under which the plan pays a fixed amount for a particular procedure (such as a knee replacement), which certain providers have agreed to accept as full payment.

The FAQ states that the agencies will permit the reference price to be treated as the in-network price, as long as the plan uses a reasonable method to provide adequate access to quality providers who are willing to accept the reference price. The agencies will determine whether a plan that uses reference-based pricing (or a similar network design) is using a reasonable method to ensure adequate access to quality providers based on:

  • The Type of Service. Plans may treat providers that accept the reference price as the sole network providers only for those services for which consumers have enough time to make an informed choice of provider. For example, this design is not appropriate for emergency services.
  • Reasonable Access. Plans should ensure the availability of an adequate number of providers that accept the reference price. Considerations include network adequacy approaches developed by the states, geographic distance measures, and patient wait times.
  • Quality Standards. Plans should ensure that an adequate number of providers accepting the reference price meet reasonable quality standards.
  • Exceptions Process. Plans should offer an easily accessible exceptions process when access to a provider that accepts the reference price is unavailable or would compromise the quality of services for a particular individual because, for example, of the patient’s other medical issues.

Disclosure. Plans should provide, automatically and free of charge, information about the pricing structure, including the services to which it applies and the exceptions process. In addition, the plan should provide specified information, such as provider lists, upon request.

For more information to help you benchmark your health plan’s out of pocket limits with other employers of similar size, industry and geography, pre-order the 2014 UBA Health Plan Survey Executive Summary which will soon be available with the latest data from nearly 17,000 plans.